Shoulder, Arm, and Hand Conditions


All the conditions listed below are seen regularly in the clinic. Research has shown chriopractic treatment to have positive effects the following conditions. The information here is to help people understand their problem, it is not here as a substitute to seeing a chiropractor and getting their problem diagnosed. In order to diagnose a problem effectively a full case history, orthopaedic examination, and neurological examination must be performed.

Rotator cuff injuries [+]

Also known tendinitis, tendinosis, tendiopathy, subacromial bursitis, or shoulder impingement

The shoulder is one of the most complex joints in the body, which moves through the use of multiple joints and muscles. Overuse of the muscles can cause injuries such as rotator cuff tendinopathies (formely tendinitis), bursitis, and shoulder joint laxity.

It is important to correct the function of the shoulder as opposed to just treating the painful area. If the root cause is not addressed then the problem may persist.

Frozen shoulder [+]

Also known as adhesive capsulitis

A frozen shoulder occurs when the joint loses lubrication and scar tissue is deposited around the area. This generally occurs in three stages known as the freezing, frozen, and thawing phases.

People who have a frozen shoulder generally experience progressive stiffening of the shoulder, which can be very painful. Without treatment a frozen shoulder lasts for approximately 3 to 5 years and it is common for decreased range of motion to still be present after this time.

It is important to realise that if you have a frozen shoulder you must maintain as much flexibility as you can. This will help reduce the duration of the condition and increase the likelihood of a full recovery.

Cervical disc injury with radiculopathy [+]

Also known as a slipped disc, disc prolapse, disc bulge or herniated disc

In between each of the vertebra in the spine is a disc. These discs are full of fluid and act as shock absorbers. If too much force goes through the spine (one heavy load or multiple light loads) then the fluid in the disc can escape and irritate the nerves. This can cause neck pain, upper back pain, arm pain, muscular tension and spasms, as well as numbness and pins and needles.

It is important to realise that there are many names for a disc injury (slipped disc, prolapsed disc etc) but it all means the same thing. If the fluid in the disc is pressing on a nerve it will cause pain, the amount of pressure on the nerve determines the extent of the injury.

Tennis and golfer’s elbow [+]

Also known as lateral epicondylitis and medial epicondylitis

The muscles that attach to either side of the elbow control the movement of the wrist. As the name suggests an injury to these muscles in most associated with tennis and golf players.

Irritation of the muscles generally occurs due to overuse, underuse, and/or bad form. This can cause elbow pain, forearm pain, wrist pain or hand pain. It is important to consider that removing the irritation of the muscle may get rid of the pain but the problem can return unless the functional changes are addressed.

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