Hip pain is a very common injury not only in the elderly but within all age ranges. The hip has a great range of movement that is provided by a number of different muscles but with this becomes a chance of injury. Common reasons for hip pain are osteoarthritis, overuse injuries, and falls. It is important to determine the exact cause of complaint in order to provide the most effective treatment. Below are a few common complaints regularly seen at the clinic:
Arthritis is a progressive disease that causes painful inflammation and stiffness of joints. Arthritis cannot be cured but the joints can be made more mobile and therefore less painful.
With arthritis the joints become worn, which in severe cases leads to fusing of the bones. Increased mobility and decreased pain levels can be achieved with chiropractic care right up until the point in which the bones fuse. Arthritis in the hips and knees can cause hip and knee pain, limping, stiffness, and muscular aches and spasms.
It is commonly thought that if you have arthritis nothing can be done, however, this is rarely the case. It is first important to determine how much ‘wear and tear’ is present and whether the bones have fused.
A bursa is a small fluid sac that lies underneath tendons, muscles and ligaments to reduce friction on movement. Hip burisitis or more specifically trochanteric bursitis refers to irritation of the bursa next to hip.
With bursitis it irritates the surrounding muscles that lie on top of the bursa and therefore can cause a lot of pain. It commonly causes pain when lying on that side and when walking up hills. It commonly happens when repetitive strain occurs such as when running a lot on unconditioned muscles. It is important to identify trochanteric bursitis as the problem as it is possible to treat effectively with conservative treatments.
Muscles are made up of tiny fibres that contract and relax in order to provide movement. If too much movement goes through these fibres whether it be overstretching or overworking the muscle then the fibres themselves can become damaged. In most cases the injuries are known as micro-tears. In order to protect the muscle as a whole it becomes ‘tight’ and on occasion scar tissue can be formed.
In most cases muscle strains heal on themselves, however, in some cases they do not due to scar tissue formation or the muscle remaining ‘tight’ due to dysfunction elsewhere. In order to loosen the muscle it is important to stretch, perform soft tissue work, and treat the area of dysfunction (feet, knees, hips, lower back) which may be causing the muscle not to heal.